House Of Mirrors

Burtchaell explains the relation between Harnack and Weber:

One influential advocate of Harnack was to be a scholar who had few theological credentials at all: Max Weber, the pioneer social scientist. His sociology of religion was derivative, and he chose to draw his typology of religious organization from Harnack’s own work. In a short time Weber’s research would then be cited, in circular fashion, as sociological evidence that sustained the Harnack assumptions. (138)