Random thoughts about freedom and foreknowledge

  • If the Bible says God knows all things and does not qualify it, we should assume that any particular thing can be known by God unless we have reason to think otherwise. We know God cannot know false things because false things cannot be objects of knowledge by their nature and the nature of knowledge; but we do not know God cannot know future things since it is not logically impossible to know future things. Thus the burden of proof is on those who deny God’s exhaustive foreknowledge to show that God cannot know some specific future things.
  • If God fore-knows something, that knowledge must have a truth-maker before it happens. Further, if he knows it infallibly, it must be a truth-maker that cannot be unmade. Also, unless backwards-causality exists, the truth-maker must exist independent of the future. If God fore-knows everything, including choices for which people are held responsible, from the beginning of history, then there must be something about reality at the beginning of history which implies history will unfold exactly as God knows it. The choices of human beings, or even human beings simpliciter, cannot be this thing since they do not exist at the beginning of history. Therefore, if God fore-knows a responsible human choice before the choice is made, and thus if some part of reality outside of agents (and their free choices) must ensure/make certain they will act in a certain way in a specific situation, compatibilism in some sense must be true.
  • This thing about reality which ensures reality will correspond to God’s knowledge must either be part of God (and thus God, according to simplicity), or else something about impersonal reality (since Christianity denies there is another personal being prior to God’s creative activity); thus either God determines the course of history, or an impersonal cause determines the course of history. Either one affirms predestination, or one affirms fate.